Genealogy and Promises (Matthew 1:1-17)

The Gospel of Matthew starts by giving the genealogy of Jesus Christ:  Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah, Perez, Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, Boaz, Obed, Jesse, King David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asaph, Jehoshaphat, Joram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, Jechoniah, Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zakok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

Why was this genealogy important?  It proves God kept his promise to bring a savior, which means God is trustworthy.

In 1 Chronicles 17:11-14, the prophet Nathan told King David, he will have a descendent that will build a house, establish his kingdom, and his thrown which will last forever.

In Psalms 89, God made a covenant with David to establish an offspring forever and build a throne for all generations.

Isaiah 9:6-7 states, “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given:  and the government shall be upon his shoulder and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore.” (ESV)

Isaiah 11:1: tells us, “There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.” (ESV)

In Jeremiah 33:15 we learn, “In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch to spring up for David, and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.” (ESV)

Zachariah 6:12 also tells us, “Behold the man whose name is the Branch:  for he shall branch out from his place and he shall build the temple of the Lord.” (ESV)

According to Psalms 132:17, “There I will make a horn to sprout for David; I have prepared a lamp for my anointed.” (ESV)

Also, Jeremiah 23:5-6 proclaims, “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.  In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely.  And this is the name by which he will be called:  The Lord is our Righteousness.” (ESV)

In several passages, Jesus is referred to as a branch.  I was wondering why, so I went to Dictionary.Com to get a thorough definition.

Branch can mean several things:  a part of a tree that grows out from the trunk, a lateral extension, or a divergence from the main path which leads to a new direction.

I think Jesus was called a branch because:

  • Jesus is the extension from God to us.
  • Jesus created a divergence which changed the path for us all.
  • Jesus is leading us in a new direction.

9 thoughts on “Genealogy and Promises (Matthew 1:1-17)

      • I have heard some people say Matthew was tracing the genealogy through Joseph and Luke was tracing the genealogy through Mary. However, both accounts mention Jesus as the son of Joseph.

        From what I read, it seems most bible scholars would say one genealogy traces the natural linage and the other traces the legal linage.

        In the Old Testament, if a married man died without children then his brother was to marry the wife and any children would legally belong to the deceased husband.

        That would explain the differences between the two genealogies.


  1. “It proves God kept his promise to bring a savior,”

    And all the efforts of Jesus, the Gospel writers and Paul to get the Jews to accept prophesy fulfillment to no avail. The would not accept that Law no longer required, circumcision no longer required and that Messiah also available to Gentiles.


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